Rabies

Description
  • Rhabdovirus that is carried by certain carnivorous mammals and bats
Location
  • Worldwide, except Australia and Antarctica
Cause
  • Acute disease from a bite by an infected animal
  • Considered fatal
Symptoms
  • Brain infection
Treatment
  • Immediately scrub the bite wound with soap and water
  • Apply a strong first aid solution (such as iodine) or cream
  • Seek medical attention from a physician
     
Prevention
  • Get vaccinated before possible contact with infected animals
  • Avoid contact with possible infected animals
     
Handling
Animals    
  • Wild animals may behave unusually
  • Dumb rabies:
    • Causes tremors and convulsions
  • Furious rabies:
    • Causes aggressive behavior before convulsions and paralysis set in
  • Behavioral changes:
    • Friendliness
    • Loss of fear
    • Appearance in the daytime (for nocturnal animals) 
    • Unprovoked attacks
    • Bewilderment
    • Aimless wandering
    • Unusual barking
    • Crying and frothing at the mouth
       
Other Facts
  • Can infect all warm-blooded animals
  • Most cases are from dogs and cats
  • Once infected, the virus spreads to the brain and then to other organs